WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE
Water, sanitation and hygiene (also known as WASH) are closely connected sectors and essential for good public health. In emergency and crisis situations, providing access to clean water in sufficient quantities is paramount. Basic sanitation and hygiene education are important for a healthy living environment
11,200 Syrian Refugees living in 273 ITSs benefited from our WASH activities.
Provision of improved and sustainable access to safe water and WaSH facilities for families in underserved settlements and increased community engagement in the mitigation of public health and hygiene rises at household and community level. Nabad focused primarily on: 1) Provision of potable water and Desludging services 2) Hygiene promotion and community mobilization activities and 3) Rehabilitation and construction of inclusive WaSH facilities.
The project had an overall community engagement approach, of community based structures namely women groups (WG), Children Committee (CC) and Community Volunteers (CVs). These structures are trained to monitor and detect sanitation issues and report back to Nabad in order to take necessary action when needed. Phone cards were provided to facilitate this feedback mechanism. Nabad also maintained the focus on hygiene promotion that were conducted less in the form of session and more through gender sensitive community structures and activities, involving the CVs and WC who were trained to raise awareness and carry out hygiene promotion within their communities. Nabad depend on a participatory approach when designing interventions, and implementing project activities, consulting both men and women in their respective communities on their specific needs. Nabad aimed exploring and building on women’s leadership capacities, rather than relying on the tradition communal leadership structures to prevent violence against women and girls and ensure that services for survivors are appropriate and accessible. Participatory design is needed to ensure gender-specific needs are met in relation to provision of WaSH services. Given the relatively high proportion of refugee children and their increase risk and vulnerability, children were at the centre of Hygiene Promotion activities from a health and well-being perspective but they were also targeted from a social perspective where they can learn about health and hygiene in a dynamic and playful way. Nabad established Children Committee as pilot since children are important drivers to behaviour change as they easily adopt new or different behaviours and have the ability to influence their peers, siblings and parents. This engagement with children had built their capacity, self-esteem self-confidence while delivering key important messages related to their well-being. The programme was implemented based on written approval with main stakeholders (landlord and municipalities) who approve the project activities prior the execution.